Many BC wildfires occur far from cities and towns, but sometimes they threaten homes, businesses and infrastructure, such as highways and bridges.With hundreds of wildfires heating up around the province and not showing any signs of cooling down soon, we thought a roundup of wildfire preparedness tips and evacuation information was in order.
We asked our friends at PreparedBC for more information and they shared all of the handy and helpful tips below to help you prepare for a wildfire emergency and the possibility of evacuation.
HOW TO PREPARE BEFORE AN EMERGENCY:
Help keep your family safe by preparing in advance for a potential evacuation alert or order.
- Develop a household plan. It will help you cope with the stress of emergencies.
- Put together your emergency kit. When disaster hits, there won’t be time to collect emergency supplies. Ensure you have emergency kits for your home, workplace and vehicle. They should all contain food, water and supplies for a minimum of 72 hours. A week or longer is better.
- Connect with your neighbours. When disaster strikes, we’re in it together. The most immediate help following a disaster will come from those directly around – your neighbours. Connecting with them today, and working together to prepare, will mean a better response and faster recovery.
Keep in mind these special considerations:
Pets and Livestock
During an emergency, you and your animal companion(s) may be on your own for several days, and your pets will be relying on you to help them through it. Preparing for your pets is just as important as preparing for the human members in your household.
Preparing for and responding to hazards such as wildfire requires special consideration of seniors’ needs. Seniors who live alone, or are sick or disabled will need special support and an emergency plan.
WHAT TO DO DURING AN EMERGENCY
In such stressful circumstances, the most important thing to remember is to stay calm, listen to local public officials, and if possible, access online social media channels like Twitter or your local government website for information updates.
In the event an evacuation alert is issued for your area:
- Prepare to leave your home on short notice.
- Stay tuned to your local authority’s public information channels, as well as Emergency Info BC for updates: http://www.emergencyinfobc.gov.bc.ca/
- Have your emergency kit and important documents ready to go, which should include things like insurance and personal papers such as birth certificates.
- Consider collecting precious photos and mementoes that can’t be replaced.
As well, please check in on any family, friends or neighbours who may need a helping hand due to mobility or other issues.
In the event of an evacuation order, you must leave the area immediately. Local authorities will not ask you to leave without good reason, and failing to leave when asked to by officials puts yourself and others at risk. When an evacuation order is issued:
- Wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes to help protect you from unforeseen hazards.
- Collect family members or go to the place designated in your family plan as a meeting place.
- Plan to take your pets with you (in kennels or on a leash); do not leave them behind. Because pets are not permitted in public shelters, follow your plan to go to a relative or friend’s home, or find a “pet-friendly” hotel.
- Grab your emergency kit and follow the directions to the identified reception centre.
- Follow the routes specified by emergency officials. Avoid shortcuts – they could take you to a blocked or dangerous area.
- Take critical items already in your kit (medicine, purse, wallet and keys).
- Close all doors and windows. Close and latch gates, but do not lock them.
- Take a cell phone if you have one.
- If there is time and it is safe to do so, shut off water at the main line into your home, and switch off electricity at the breaker panel. Leave natural gas service ‘on’.
- Stay well away from any downed power lines.
- If you go to an evacuation centre, sign up with the registration desk so you can be contacted or reunited with your family and loved ones.
- Contact your out-of-area emergency contact (identified in your personal emergency plan) to let them know what has happened, that you are okay, and how to contact you. Alert them to any separated family members.
Your local authority officials will advise you when it’s safe to return home.
WHAT TO DO AFTER AN EMERGENCY
After your local government has declared the evacuation order over, you are free to return home. Here are some steps you can take to make the transition easier and safer.
Taking Care of Yourself
You’ve been through a traumatic event. Whatever the emergency was, the danger is past. But in your mind, you may still see the event clearly –and feel the fear and anxiety it caused. These feelings are a normal, natural reaction to a traumatic event. The key is to remember that you have survived. These feelings will diminish and for most people, completely disappear. It will take time, and you may need help, but you will put the natural disaster behind you. Recovery is a process and this booklet is a great start.
Did you know…
- BC has an average of 2,000 wildfires each year? Thanks to our highly trained wildfire crews, 92 per cent of them are contained to four hectares in size or smaller.
- The numbers to call if you spot smoke, flames or an unattended campfire? They are 1 800-663-5555 or *5555 on your cell.
- You can (likely) still use a CSA- or ULC-rated gas, propane or briquette campfire or stove, even if there is a campfire ban? The flame has to be 15 centimetres or smaller.
- If you live close to a forested area, you can take steps to reduce the susceptibility of buildings and property to fire? Download the FireSmart Homeowner’s Manual or visit the FireSmart website.
Do you have any questions about this or anything else the BC Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure does? Let us know in the comments below.